Home    Alwar Information  History People Culture

 History People Culture


History | Culture | Festival

 History

Rao Pratap Singh who have been formed as a seperate and History in Alwar its founder, who first raised his standard over the Alwar Fort on November 25th 1775.At that time his rule for districts of Thanagazi, Rajgarh, Malakhera, Ajabgharh, Baldeogarh, Kankwari, Alwar, Ramgarh and Lachhmangarh, and areas around Behror and Bansur, were finally integrated to form the State. As the State was being consolidated, naturally, no definite administrative machinery could have come into being. At the time, the states revenue was between six to seven lakhs of rupees per annum.

The next ruler Maharao Raja Bakhtawar Singh(1791-1815) also devoted himself to the work of extension and consolidation of the terriotory of the State. He was successful in integrating the pargannahs of Ismailpur and Mandawar and the talukas of Darbarpur, Rutai, Nimrana, Mandhan, Beejawar and Kakoma in the Alwar State. Maharao Raja Bakhtawar Singh rendered valuable services to Lord Lake, during the latter's campaign against Marathas, in the battle of Laswari, in Alwar territory when the State troopes assisted him in finally breaking the Marathas and Jat powers.

As a result, in 1803, the First Treaty of Offensive and Defensive Alliance was forged between Alwar State and the East India Company. Thus, Alwar was the first princely State in India to enter into Treaty Relations with the East India Company. But in his time also, the State Administration was very imprefect and cases of loot and dacoity, even in broad day light, were not infrequent. The State was borrowing money from outside as its finances were poor and mismanaged. Most of the land revenue was use to pay back the loans and, at times, the farmeres were put to hardship The State was heavily indebted when the next ruler Maharao Viney Singh acceeded to the throne.

Maharao Raja Viney Singh (1815-1857) suppressed the social anarchy and was to a great extent, successful in stabilising the general conditions in the State. It was in his time that the Alwar State administration began to take shape. According to the Imperial Gazetter of India, " The Government had previously been carried on without any system. But with the aid of certain Musalmans introduced from Delhi and appointed ministers in 1838, great changes were made. The land revenue began to be collected in cash instead of kind and civil and criminal courts were established."

Maharao Raja Viney Singh died in 1857 and was succeeded by his son Sheodan Singh (1857-1874). He was then a boy of twelve. He at once fell under the influence of the Mohammedan Dewans of Delhi. Their proceedings excited an insurrection of the Rajputs in 1858, in which several of the Dewan's followers were killed and the ministers themselves were expelled from the State. Captain Nixon, the Political agent of Bharatpur, was at once despatched to Alwar who formed a Council of Regency. A Panchayat was formed with three members to administer the State but it could not succeed. Captain Impey came to Alwar as the next Political Agent in November, 1858. His tenure of that office continued till the end of 1863, during which he succeeded in re-organising every branch of the administartion. The system of fixed cash assessment was introduced. The annual revenue of the State was fixed at Rs. 14,29,425 and work was started on a three years settlement for the State. After the completion of this settlement, Major Impey started work on the ten year settlement in the State and the annual revenue was fixed at Rs. 17,19,875.

Maharao Raja Sheodan Singh assumed ruling powers on 14th September,1863 and soon after, the agency was abolished. But the administration soon fell back into the hands of old Dewans who still had links with the ruler. In 1870, the disbanding of the Rajput cavalry and the wholesale confiscation of Jagir, grants the extravagance of the chief and his Mohammedan sympathisers, brought about a general uprising of the Rajputs with the result that the British government had again to interfere. Captain Blair, the then Political Agent for the Eastern States tried to bring about a reconciliation but failed. Major Cadell was then appointed the Political Agent in 1867 and,with the sanction of the Government of India, a council of Management was formed with the Political Agent as President, the Maharao Raja having a seat in the Board. Personnel of administration was changed and the whole administartion was cleaned. A new Department of Engineering was started. Tehsildars were entrusted with more civil and criminal powers. They were empowered to impose fines upto Rs. 20 and a month's imprisonment. In 1871, the Kotwali was established for the security of the city. The next year work on the 16 year settlement began. Tax on the british rupee was abolished and Rao-Shai coins were put out of circulation. British copper coins were introduced in the State in 1873 and length and weight measures of yard and seer were also brought into use. Postal management was improved and the letters from Tehsils which previously, took three daysto reach the capital, now came within twelve hours. An independent department called `Appeals' was brought into being for hearing appeals against decisions of lower courts. The railway line from Delhi to Bandikuipassing through Alwar, was laid in 1874.

Mangal Singh the next ruler (1874-1892), was also a minor when he succeeded to the throne of Alwar State and the State continued to be administered by the Political Agent and the Council of Regency till December, 1877 when he was invested with ruling powers. The hereditary title of Maharaja was bestowed on him in the year 1889. In 1877, he had entered into the contract with the British Government under the Native Coinage Act of 1876 according to which silver coins bearing the Alwar device were to be supplied by the Calcutta Mint. The troops in the State were re-organised in November,1888 under the guidance of Colonel (then Major) O.Moore Creagh, whose services had specially been lent for the purpose by the Government of India. The staff office was established in November, 1888 and Maharaja Mangal Singh himself supervised the re-organisation of military forces.

On his death in 1892, his only son,Jey Singh succeeded him. And it was in the times of Jey Singh that Alwar State gained name. Himself an able man, Maharaja Jey Singh turned Alwar into a very well administered State. He was a minor at the time of succession and hence the State administration was carried on by a council, called the State Council, acting under the general supervision of the Political Agent . The State Council was composed of four members and all the business of the administration was carried on by the members jointly under the advice and guidance of the Political Agent for the time being. The State Council exercised powers of a High Court, subject to the revising authority of the Political Agent. Revenue and Judicial appeals and cases were disposed off by the Council. The State administration was taking shape.


 Culture

The cultural wealth of Alwar becomes manifest in its simplicity, grace and creativity. The un-artificial and loving nature of life is the main essence of its cultural heritage. The regions love for color and joyous celebrations is proved by elaborate rituals and the gay abandon with which it surrenders to the numerous fairs and festivals of the region. In addition to the festivals celebrated by the Hindus, Muslims and the others ,there are also other traditional fairs.


 Festival

Alwar is situated at the foothills of the Aravalli ranges Festivals in Alwar and is famous for the Alwar Festival, Alwar which is organized in the month of February. From February 13 to 15 the Alwar Festival in Alwar displays the best of folk culture, music, handicrafts and colorful traditions of the region. Alwar festival is a three-day festival which is being organized by the district administration to promote tourism and emphasize the legacy of rich culture in Alwar. An impressive procession through the streets of the town marks the inauguration of the festival on February 13.

The Alwar Collector and chairman of the festival committee usually organize a `Shilp Gram' (handicraft village) which emphasizes on the display of the hand-made items and promote the manual skills. It also reflects the diversity of the district. Alwar's Alwar Festival mainly focuses on the tourism of Alwar and the rural activities of the local people.

The events organized at the Alwar Festival include elephant polo, fancy dress and sketching competitions for children, flower show, exhibition of rare and antique items of the region and a film show on the culture and social customs of Alwar. Usually tour operators from different cities of India arrange tours to Alwar during this period to enable the tourists visit the popular tourist places ahead of the festival. Some of the major draws for the tourists visiting Alwar include the Sariska wildlife sanctuary and the historic Kankwadi fort and Pandupol waterfall.


 Alwar Hotels


 Alwar Tours


TOUR NAME DURATION PLACES
 Tour_1 00 Nights & 00 Days Loc-Loc-Loc
Katra Tour 1

Tour Information

  • Starting Point:
  • Point

  • Ending Point:
  • Point

  • Duration:
  • 00 Nights / 00 Days


  • More Info >>
 Tour_2 00 Nights & 00 Days Loc-Loc-Loc
Katra Tour 3

Tour Information

  • Starting Point:
  • Point

  • Ending Point:
  • Point

  • Duration:
  • 00 Nights / 00 Days


  • More Info >>

Online Enquiry Form

    First Name

    Email Id

    Contact Number

    City

    Country
    Preferred Hotel

    Check In
    Check Out
    Room Type

    No. of Rooms

    No. of Adults

    Child (0-12 yrs)

    Any Other Requirement
    First name

    Last name
    Email Id

    Contact Number

    City

    Country
    Arrival Date
     
    Tour Duration

    Rooms Required

    No. of Adults

    Child (0-12 yrs)

    Preferred Hotel

    Holiday Type

    Car / Coach
    Type
    Range
    Any Other Requirement
    First name

    Last name
    Email Id

    Contact Number

    City

    Country
    Arrival Date
     
    Duration

    Pick-up from

    No. of Adults

    Child (0-12 yrs)

    Car / Coach
    Type
    Range

    Any Other Requirement